Do you know the parts of a bed? Whether your bed is a king size, luxurious edition with 1000 count sheets or a futon, they both provide comfort. There are many types of beds to choose from, which can overwhelming. Your bed design will depend on the budget and size of your living space. A traditional bed frame with a standard bed will have a different meaning depending on a number of factors and cultural norms.
The type of bed you have doesn’t matter. Some people like to use their bad as a decorative piece. Others prefer to sleep on the top bunk. It really doesn’t matter. A bed is all about providing support.
More than anything, beds are for sleeping and relaxing. Before you rush to buy a replacement bed frame or mattress, it’s important to know and understand the parts of a bed.
History Of Beds
The bed has been in a constant state of change since its arrival in the bedroom. Imagine how much beds must have changed over the thousands or even millions, of years they’ve existed. Because beds have been around for as long as humans have.
The first beds had grass as mattresses and other materials. Ash and plants kept away insects away. It would be thousands of years before the raised bed arrived.
Parts Of A Bed Frame
A bed frame is the main part of a bed. It is what defines the design style of a bed, not the box spring. There are many parts to a bed frame and it involves more than two pieces. The following list includes the most important features you’ll find in a bed.
- Headboard Slat – This is a vertical grid or set of slats attached to the back of the bed. This is the base for the headboard.
- Headboard Top Rail – The top rail goes on top of the headboard slat that sets vertically. It is the top of the headboard whereas the slat is the bottom going up.
- Headboard Cross Rail – This supports the headboard from the base and can hook on to the bed. While slats are attached to the bed, the cross rail is attaches to both.
- Bed Side Rail – The side rails support the bed lengthwise.
- Bottom Side Rail – There isn’t much room between the bottom side rail and the floor. The rail is parallel to the other side rail but lower.
- Footboard Slat – The footboard slat is like the headboard slat.
- Legs – The legs can extend from the headboard and footboard on the sides. Without them, your bed would sit on the ground, which is a type of bed we’ll talk about later.
- Cleat – This is the base of the bed. Oftentimes, this is a built-in boxspring, so there are two functions.
- Cut Slats – Slats can be considered part of the cleat. They are slats that lay across the bed in the same way that the top rail does. You can add only a couple or many for optimum stability for your mattress.
Mattress Parts And Materials
More important than mattress parts are mattress materials. All mattresses are similar as they offer padding to help you sleep comfortably. You can use a mattress without a bed frame but not vice versa. Also, multi-functional sofa beds have a variety of daytime and nighttime purposes and can fit specific needs.
- High Density Polyurethane Foam – this is the bottom layer of the mattress. It can also be used in eggshell padding. PU foam is good for those who need added protection.
- Double Foam Quilt – is an extra layer that provides cushioning and comfort.
- Memory Foam – memory foam was introduced 20 years ago. It sinks when you touch it and identifies pressure points. After you leave, it will return to its original form after you leave.
- Polyester Padding – padding goes in the center of a mattress and provides the most cushioning.
- Springs – the springs make the mattress bouncy. Pure memory foam mattresses do not need box springs. But traditional mattresses have springs.
- Cotton Felt – this material separates the coil system from the cushioned layers of a bed.
Also, don’t forget to include a few pillow protectors with your bed design. A pillow protector will help preserve your pillow and should be used in your bedrooms.
There are more things you can add to a bed other than a bed frame and spring mattress.
- Canopy – a canopy bed has a large frame over it for a canopy. It provides privacy and protection from elements and insects. You can add a canopy frame and canopy to any bed.
- Post – this stick ups from the bed and are an extension of the legs. They are built into the bed rather than added on. You can also add a square horizontal bar for more bed design flair.
- Storage – if there’s enough room, you can add storage underneath. If you have more than a few inches, you can build in storage. But if you don’t then you can add sliding storage that is separate from the bed. You also find space underneath to store belongings that you rarely use.
Types Of Beds
There are dozens, if not hundreds of different types of beds. However, not many of them are too distinctive compared to others nor do they change the frame of the bed.
Here are some of the most easily recognizable beds:
Waterbeds emerged in the 60s and 70s and were popular among America’s counter-culture movement. The waterbed industry almost did not make it, but thanks to the waveless waterbed, it still exists. A waveless waterbed has four layers of wave reducing fiber material which provides about 90 percent reduction of the motion of the water while still allowing for a degree of flow for adjustability.
The waveless waterbed also includes ergonomic lumbar support. However, the beds will not support a traditional bed frame. And the bottom part requires extra protection against scratches.
Futons aren’t popular with master bedrooms, but they’re great for guest rooms and smaller rooms. The beds come in different shapes and sizes and rely on a simple frame and one layer of cushioning. They may seem unorthodox for a regular bed, but they’re comfortable and lightweight.
A sleeper sofa has a bed built into it. You can turn it into a regular daytime sofa and use it as a bed at night. It works like a cot as most of the time it is the same material, only with a thin mattress folded into it.
A daybed has three sides rather than two. It has a headboard and footboard, and also a sideboard and its main parts. The bed is made to be placed next to a window or against a wall. They also look quite good with a canopy.
A Murphy bed folds up into a wall or cabinet. They were designed to save space and hide your bed away. You can learn all there is to know about Murphy beds with this guide on Murphy beds. The beds have vertical screens that make easy storage possible. Their metal frames also add to their durability.
A sleigh bed is more of a frame rather than a bed. The footboard and headboard both curve upward like a sleigh. The style was popular in France during the 19th century and is making a return.
While they vary in style, one thing they all have in common is that they are upholstered. They usually have buttons and are a smooth material. You can upholster most beds in the same way and consider it a divan bed.
Platform beds are low-to-the-ground and often do not have legs. They are standard beds in Japan and in minimalist homes, and also great for kids. Find out more about platform beds and why they are popular.
One thing they don’t tell you about platform beds is how they don’t offer any benefit for your back. However, they provide excellent support for your mattress. A platform bed is good for maintaining sleep posture.
Classic bunk beds hold an iconic place among American households. Most people know what bunk beds are. Bunk beds are designed for kids and smaller rooms that hold three or four people.
A trundle bed is an older bed style that looks like a standard bed with storage drawers underneath. Trundle beds have drawers that pull out and create a second bed. The extra bed can be used as a day bed when you have many visitors and they bring their children. This is a great alternative to other beds if you wanted to keep the mattresses low to the ground.
Four-poster beds are common in large bedrooms. The bed has four long posts. Each one is attached to a corner of the bed.
Low Poster Bed
This looks just like the 4-poster bed, but the bedposts are a few inches shorter.
Pencil Poster Bed
This is an 18th-century design that looks just like the 4-poster bed. The bedposts are skinnier, hence their name.
Half Poster Bed
This bed has four legs, but they’re not all the same size. It has two short posts at each corner at the foot of the bed and two regular-sized tall posts at both corners at the head of the bed.
Most beds are rectangular or square-shaped, but a round bed is designed in a circular shape. Not all round beds have four legs. Also, the legs aren’t always positioned on opposite sides of one another.
Ottoman beds can be raised and offer a convenient home storage solution underneath. This is a great idea for those who lack bedroom space. Folding ottoman beds with metal legs offer greater durability and comfort. Ottoman beds also function as upholstered furniture and can be used in any space.
Canopy beds look like poster beds, as they also have posters fixed at each corner of the bed. However, unlike in poster beds, the posters in canopy beds join to form a frame around the bed.
There are two kinds of canopy beds – a traditional canopy bed and a contemporary canopy bed. Traditional canopy beds have thick wood frames. While contemporary canopy beds have thin frames made with a variety of materials. Often, a thin fabric is thrown over a canopy bed frame for a more personal touch.
You never know when you might have to take of someone who is physically ill or impaired. When this happens, you’ll need bed rails, and hook on side rails for assistance. There isn’t a standard size, but they are divided into three distinct types:
- Hook on rails for adults
- Portable hook on rails for children
- Hook on hospital rails
If you don’t want to use portable hook on bed rails, but you need bed guards, here are a few alternatives:
- Roll guards – toddlers who are too big for a crib need to be protected when they sleep. Roll guards prevent kids from falling out of bed while they sleep.
- Foam bumpers – they provide soft protection for uneasy sleepers.
- Concave mattresses – the mattress can help reduce rolling off the bed.
Bed Frame Replacement Parts
Like anything else in your home, things break, and beds are no exceptions. You’ll need extra bed parts when emergencies happen.
Here is a list of the most common bed frame replacements parts and other important parts that you should have on hand for when one of your beds breaks.
Bed Frame Feet Replacement
If you have a bed on wheels, you never know when one of the wheels might break. With plastic bed frame feet, you can change a broken wheel and they will support the bed. The feet allow your bed base to be stationary and without damaging your floor. The only thing you need is a flat surface for optimum support.
Headboard And Footboard Extension Brackets
It’s not uncommon for headboards and footboards to break off from a frame, especially from a wooden frame. When that happens, what should you do? Extension brackets will allow you to re-attach headboards and footboards to bed frames and will keep your bed base secure. They can easily hook on to headboard legs and are simple to install.
Adjustable Height Support Legs
What happens if your bed is not at the preferred height? Instead of buying a new frame, all you need are adjustable height center support legs and you can easily change the height of your bed with adjustable support legs.
Plastic Bed Frame Glide Legs
You can never have enough wheel replacements. With plastic bed frame glide legs, you can switch your wheels with bed frame glide legs. They will keep your bed steady and firm and offer the same support as wheels. They work just the same with a wooden frame.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)FAQ
How Much Weight Can A Wood Bed Frame Hold?
Bed frames will handle your bed set-up, whether you use a box spring for your mattress or not. The solid wood bed has a weight limit of 500 pounds for the full-size frame, 600 pounds for a standard queen-size frame, and 750 pounds for king sizes.
Note: a solid wood bed is intended to be used without a box spring.
How Long Should A Metal Bed Frame Last?
Bed frame life expectancy: Wooden bed frames with slats typically last 7-10 years if properly maintained, while metal bed frames last 15 years or more.
Do Metal Bed Frames Break Easily?
One of the best things about a metal bed frame is the fact that it has less maintenance. It’s obvious that metal does not dent or scratch as easily as wood does, making it the more attractive option in this circumstance.
Do Bed Slats Break Easily?
Individual slats are sensitive and can break easily with excess weight. If an overweight person kneels on one of the slats or bends in a way that places too much pressure on one slat, it may break.
How Much Weight Do Bed Frames Hold?
Most typical bed frames can hold up to 500 pounds of evenly distributed weight. The heavy-duty or big-and-tall versions can withstand anywhere from 1,000 to 4,000 pounds
Parts Of A Bed Conclusion
Now that you know the parts of a bed, bed designs, and standard beds, it’s easier to let others know what you want. Do you need a high headboard? Maybe a good amount of cut slats? Or maybe you need double bunk beds? If you have high ceilings, triple bunk beds? A canopy bad can transform a bedroom, but then again, so can a futon.
A solid top platform bed frame will firm up the feel of any mattress on the market today. The frame offers a subtle difference you’ll grow to love in the long run. You can also find them with built-in side drawers, which provide additional storage space.
As a reminder, body weight determines a mattresses box spring. This part of the bed has nothing to do with the feel of your mattress. The feel of a mattress is created by upholstery layers otherwise known as mattress comfort layers.
And one last thing: all mattresses are good for all bases. With some bases, you might need to make small adjustments, but those will be minor.