15 Types of Fences for Your Yard: Privacy, Safety, and Style

There are 15 types of fences, each offering varying privacy levels and aesthetics. Before committing to a specific design, explore your options. Not every fence style will match your home or budget.types of fence

The Best Fence Types for Yards

1. Classic Picket Fence

A picket fence comprises a series of evenly spaced vertical boards (pickets) attached to horizontal rails. Picket fences are generally low in height, ranging from about 3 to 4 feet (0.9 to 1.2 meters).

Classic Picket Fence

The low height allows for an open and welcoming feel while providing a clear boundary. Most homeowners choose white pickets when creating a picturesque yard. Consider this type of fence for your cottage-style house.


  • Classic appeal
  • Suitable for DIY
  • Inexpensive


  • High maintenance
  • Limited Privacy

2. Ornate Wood Fence

Ornate wood fences showcase intricate designs, often characterized by their artistic elements. This type of yard fence offers a high level of customization, often incorporating decorative patterns, carvings, or latticework.

Ornate Wood Fence

Ornate fencing is common in upscale residential properties and historic homes. While a vertical panel orientation is the cheapest, it costs between $17 to $37 per linear foot installed. Premium wood like cedar, teak, and mahogany make this yard fencing durable and elegant.


  • Unique and customizable
  • Added privacy and security
  • Increase the property’s value


  • High installation costs

3. Semi-Privacy Fence

A semi-privacy fence design incorporates gaps or spaces within the fence structure. Most gaps are 1 inch or less, offering moderate privacy from the outside. Semi-privacy fences adapt the picket design but with wider planks to reduce visibility.

Semi-Privacy Fence

Another approach to creating a semi-private picket fence is to stagger the heights of the pickets. By alternating picket heights, the fence provides partial visibility and maintains an open feel.


  • Enables airflow in the yard
  • Cost-effective
  • Allow privacy and openness


  • Less private and secure

4. Lattice Fence

A lattice fence features a framework of crossed wooden or plastic strips arranged in a grid-like pattern. The lattice design is an ornate finish that provides partial privacy.

Lattice Fence

Lattice fences are often used as privacy screens on patios and decks. They also serve as decorative accents on solid fences or trellises for climbing plants.


  • Decorative appeal
  • Support structure for climbing plants
  • Less expensive than comparable options


  • Less durable than solid fences

5. Hit and Miss Fence

A hit-and-miss or shadow box fence consists of alternating vertical boards attached to horizontal rails. It has a distinctive “hit and miss” pattern, which is attractive and functional.

Hit and Miss Fence

Hit-and-miss fences are common in gardens and other outdoor areas where moderate privacy is desired. The gaps between the boards are typically 3-4 inches wide.


  • Attractive from both sides
  • Great for privacy
  • Achieves an airy feel


  • High installation costs

6. Masonry Fence

A masonry fence is a privacy fence featuring bricks, concrete blocks, or natural stones. Building this fence style can be expensive since the materials are pricey and often require professional installation.

Masonry Fence

Constructing a masonry fence involves laying individual units (bricks, blocks, or stones) with mortar to form a continuous, solid wall. The blocks or stones are stacked and bound together, creating a durable boundary.


  • Provides high security and privacy
  • Requires little or no maintenance
  • Effective noise reduction


  • Installation is time-consuming and costly

7. Slatted Panel Fence

A slatted panel fence consists of horizontal slats attached to a frame. You can make this style fence from wood, vinyl, metal, or composite materials.

Slatted Panel Fence

Slatted panel fences offer great privacy as the slats can be closely packed together. But, classic picket fences provide better security since pickets are more difficult to climb.


  • Modern, stylish appearance
  • Offers more privacy


  • Susceptible to weather damage

A chain link fence is made from galvanized or vinyl-coated steel wires woven in a zigzag pattern. The interwoven wires create diamond-shaped openings throughout the fence, providing security.

Chain-Link Fence

Chain-link fences are available at various heights, ranging from 3 feet to 12 feet. Choose one at least 6 feet tall for security or containment of kids and pets. Chain link is one of the most common types of fences due to its affordability, durability, and easy installation.


  • Quick installation
  • Cost-effective
  • No maintenance


  • Can be unattractive

9. Glass Fence

Glass Fence

Glass fences consist of tempered or laminated glass panels which are strong and shatter-resistant. Glass panels are climb-resistant to guarantee the safety of children and pets.

These sleek fences can enhance your home’s aesthetics. A glass fence also complements various architectural styles and blends with minimalist designs.


  • Low-maintenance
  • Resistant to weather elements
  • Sleek, contemporary look


  • More expensive than traditional fencing materials
  • Requires professional installation

10. Basket Weave Fence

Basket Weave Fence

A basket weave fence comprises woven wood or vinyl strips to mimic a woven basket’s appearance. The fence is woven vertically or horizontally to form a crisscross pattern. The design creates an intricate look that stands out from traditional fence styles.

Installing a basket weave fence requires professional installation for proper alignment and stability.


  • Solid construction that offers privacy
  • Reduces noise
  • Unique design


  • Not ideal for DIY installation

11. Bamboo Fence

Bamboo Fence 

Bamboo fences help secure rolled, panel, or split fences. They’re arranged vertically or horizontally to create a meshwork. A galvanized wire or nylon string interweaves them to form a solid panel or a patterned lattice.

The tight weaving creates a sturdy fence for privacy, decoration, and boundary marking. Choose treated bamboo to ensure resistance to environmental elements and a longer lifespan.


  • Sustainable and renewable fencing material
  • Natural sound-dampening alternative
  • Low maintenance requirements


  • Prone to fungi and insects 

12. Electric Fence

Electric Fence 

An electric fence uses mild shocks to deter intruders from a restricted area. It transmits a short electric pulse when an animal or person is in contact with the fence, creating a physical barrier. Electric fences operate at low voltages, ranging from 3,000 to 10,000 volts.

You should place adequate warning signs to alert people about the electric fence if you choose to install one. Also, review regulations and guidelines about electric fences to ensure compliance.


  • Effective deterrent
  • Requires minimal maintenance
  • Cost-effective compared to conventional fencing options


  • Operation is power-dependent
  • No aesthetic appeal

13. Gabion Fence

Gabion Fence

A gabion fence consists of wire mesh containers stacked with stones or other materials. “Gabion” refers to the wire cage or basket used to hold the fill material. It’s made of galvanized steel or other corrosion-resistant materials to ensure longevity.

The fill material in gabion fences includes granite, limestone, or natural river rocks. In some cases, materials like recycled concrete or glass make up the material fill. Filling the gabions provides stability and structural integrity to the fence.


  • Fire resistant
  • Withstands various weather conditions
  • Resistant to corrosion and degradation


  • Requires regular inspections and maintenance
  • Installation challenges on uneven terrain

14. Post and Rail Fence

Post and Rail Fence

A post and rail fence is a classic fencing style featuring horizontal rails supported by vertical posts. The posts are either wood or metal installed along the fence line at specific intervals.

The horizontal rails of wood, vinyl, or other materials run parallel to the ground. Its construction entails securing the posts into the ground and attaching the rails to the posts using nails, screws, or brackets for stability.


  • Easy installation and repairs
  • Cost-effective 


  • Lower privacy level

15. Scalloped Fence

Scalloped Fence

A scalloped or concave fence features a curved or arched top along the fence line. Scalloped fences consist of pre-assembled panels and vertical posts.

The panels are made of wood, vinyl, or metal, while posts consist of wood, metal, or other materials. For stability and security, the panels are attached to the posts using screws, nails, or brackets.


  • Noticeable curb appeal
  • Customizable to match the desired color scheme


  • May require professional installation

Top Considerations When Choosing a Fence for Your Yard

Match the Fence Style to Your Home

Consider the architectural style of your home and choose a fence that harmonizes with your yard. For instance, a traditional picket fence suits a cottage-style or suburban home. Metal or horizontal plank fences are perfect for contemporary and modern home designs.

Maintenance and Longevity

The durability and longevity of a fence material should match your region’s climate. Materials such as wrought iron or aluminum are more durable and resistant to rust and corrosion.

Others, like wood, need more maintenance and protection against rot or insect damage. Vinyl and metal are the longest-lasting fence materials.

Fencing Material

A fence’s durability, maintenance, and appearance depend on the material. Each fencing material has its unique features, perks, and downsides. 

Choose a material that matches your desired level of maintenance and longevity. Your budget, aesthetic preferences, and local regulations are also worth considering.

Privacy and Security

Your material of choice impacts the privacy and security level of a fence. Some materials, like wood or vinyl, are best for constructing solid panel fences.

Also, the fence’s height determines the level of privacy and security. Follow the local regulations before constructing a taller fence for more privacy.


Your fencing budget should include material and installation costs. Fence materials vary in pricing due to differences in durability and maintenance level. Your location also impacts the final installation cost.

Wood, vinyl, metal, and chain link fences offer affordable and durable options. Wood and chain links are the most affordable fencing materials. All fence installation costs depend on the project’s complexity, yard size, and site accessibility. 

Local Regulations and Zoning

Fencing regulations and zoning requirements vary by location. Check the city, county, and homeowners association (HOA) codes and regulations. What do they stipulate about the fence height, materials allowed, and design restrictions? 

DIY vs. Professional Installation

If you have DIY skills, you can save a lot of money on fence installation costs. But, if you’re not confident in your ability to install a fence, avoid costly mistakes by hiring a professional.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)FAQ

What type of fence lasts the longest?

Vinyl fences are the most durable yard fencing option available. They last for over 30 years and need minimal maintenance. The plastic material is resistant to moisture, rot, and insect damage. It can withstand harsh weather conditions without fading, warping, or splintering.

What type of fence has the least maintenance?

Composite and vinyl are low-maintenance alternatives to wood and metal fences. Both materials are not vulnerable to rust, corrosion, or rotting. Composite and vinyl fences only need regular cleaning to maintain their appearance.

What is the best type of fence for trespassers?

A 6-foot-high security fence is the best deterrent to trespassers. Limited visibility also enhances security, often achieved using solid privacy fences. Also, consider integrating your fence with other security measures, such as surveillance cameras, motion sensors, and security lighting.

What type of fence is the cheapest?

Chain-link fences are the cheapest due to the low material costs and quick installation. They don’t need painting or staining, reducing the need for ongoing maintenance expenses.

How tall can I make my privacy fence?

A standard privacy fence should be 6-8 feet tall. The height varies depending on your area’s local zoning regulations, building codes, and homeowner association rules. It’s crucial to verify the specific regulations applicable to your property before installation.