Spray painting kitchen cabinets can transform them from drab and outdated to whatever style you’re after. Spraying cabinets often leads to a more uniform finish than rolling or using a brush, but you can ruin your paint job if you don’t do the proper prep.
Mistake 1: Neglecting Proper Cleaning
Painting over dirty cabinets leads to poor paint adhesion, resulting in a discolored coat or rough spots on the surface.
How To Fix
- Empty your cabinets and cover your cleaning area to protect your floor and surfaces from leaks.
- Detach and inspect cabinet doors and drawers for fixes.
- Clean and degrease with a Trisodium Phosphate(TSP) cleaner diluted with water. A mixture of warm water and mild soap also works as well.
- Don’t apply cleaners directly on the cabinet to prevent excess liquid from seeping into wood surfaces.
- Dampen a lint-free cloth with clean water and wipe all areas to remove residual cleaner. Allow the cabinets to dry before sanding.
Mistake 2: Skipping Sanding
Spray paint adheres better to a roughened surface than a smooth one. Sanding dulls the glossy finish of wood, so primers and paint stick better.
Here’s how to create a flat canvas for your paint when sanding your cabinets:
- Choose the right grit: A medium to fine grit(100-220) sandpaper roughens your surfaces and removes any previous top coating.
- Fold the sandpaper to sand corners and the details on doors and drawers.
- Sand evenly in the direction of the wood grain.
- Wipe down cabinets after sanding to remove dust and debris. Use a clean, damp, or tack cloth and let all surfaces dry.
Mistake 3: Not Removing Cabinet Hardware and Doors
Remove all cabinet hardware, knobs, and handles before painting. Number each door or hardware as you detach it and put it in a small bag. Repeat this for all doors, drawers, and their respective hardware.
Surface and Environment
Mistake 4: Poor Surface Protection
Overspray can ruin your floors, counters, and other items in the kitchen. Cleaning dry overspray requires specialized cleaning methods or hiring professionals, which increases the project’s total cost.
Cut costs by covering your floors and countertops using drop cloths, rosin paper, or newspaper to contain overspray. Secure the edges using masking or painter’s tape for total protection.
Move all portable items and tape poly sheeting over fixed appliances, windows, backsplash, and walls.
Mistake 5: Poor Ventilation
Use a low VOC paint on your cabinets if possible, and open windows for ventilation. Wear personal protective gear like respirators or masks, gloves, and safety glasses when painting. Take regular air breaks when priming and painting to reduce your exposure time to the fumes.
Mistake 6: Ignoring Priming
Priming creates a bonding layer that makes paint stick better to your cabinet surface. Primers also fill in blemishes and cover previous colors or stains, creating a flat surface to paint on.
Oil-based primers are the best for sealing kitchen cabinets with stains or discoloration, but they produce a strong smell and take longer to dry. Water-based primers have less odor and are ideal for cabinets in good condition. Shellac primers are suitable for cabinets exposed to odors or smoke because they adhere easily and dry fast.
Mistake 7: Overloading with Paint
Using excess paint on your cabinets may cause color variations and uneven surfaces. When the paint is too thick, it takes longer to dry.
Doors and drawers take the longest to paint, so start with them. Paint one coat on the inside and dry for one day. Paint the next coat and air-dry for another 24 hours. Repeat this for the front-facing sides. Use the drying periods to paint other cabinet surfaces, leaving each coat to fully dry.
Mistake 8: Inconsistent Spray Patterns
Factors like pressure, tip size, wire mesh blockage, solvent amount, and number of spray lines determine spray patterns. Spray your paint under high, constant pressure to prevent the orange peel effect and irregular paint bursts.
When spray painting, do it from a distance. Move fast, keep your hand still and your finger on the trigger always to eliminate runs and drips. For starters, practice on a board to perfect your technique before spraying your kitchen cabinets.
Drying and Finishing
Mistake 9: Rushing the Drying Process
Paint needs at least 24- 48 hours to dry before re-attaching your doors and hardware. Interfering before it dries causes nicks and marks in your finish. To test if the paint is dry, lightly press the back of your hand or a fingernail on a small surface.
If the paint is sticky or forms a dent, it’s not cured yet. Dried paint feels solid and doesn’t leave a residue when touched. Let a previous coat completely dry first before applying the subsequent one. It ensures adhesion between layers is strong, preventing bubbles and peeling.
Avoid slamming or scratching the cabinet doors during the first week after painting to minimize scrapes. Some paints take up to 30 days to cure.
Mistake 10:Skipping the Clear Coat
A clear coat provides an extra protection layer for the underlying paint against constant wear from daily use. It increases the longevity of your paint and makes cabinets easier to clean.
Clear coats offer a smooth and satin, matte, or glossy finish, enhancing the final paint job appearance. Apply the clear coat when your paint is dry, and surfaces are clean of dust and dirt.
Use quality brushes and applicators to prevent drips and sagging, and apply in thin layers. Check the manufacturer’s instructions for the number of coats to use and the drying time between.