Faux leather has increased in popularity over the past several decades for a variety of reasons. We’re going to cover all the basics of faux leather to let you figure out for yourself how you feel about the material.
What is Faux Leather Material?
Faux leather is exactly what it sounds like: Fake, artificial, or synthetic leather. It is made using primarily chemicals. Typically, a plastic layer is bonded to a polyester fabric base material.
Different types of plastic are used in fake leather production and the specific type determines whether it has any eco-friendly qualities.
Faux leather is the term commonly used with regard to its application for furniture upholstery, including for a chair, headboard, loveseat or sofa — even for sectionals.
However, this material also goes by other names as well, such as leatherette, vegan leather and eco-leather to name a few.
Newer types made from plant waste are also considered fake leather and go by a variety of names.
Reasons to Use Faux Leathers
Faux leather upholstery often has a significantly lower price than real genuine leather. This is because it is manufactured using synthetic compounds.
The material is made in large sheets and the pieces are versatile and easy to cut. For genuine leather sofas and chairs, cutting the pieces needed has to work within the size limits of the hide used.
Obviously, faux leathers are not real leather and are not animal byproducts.
People who choose to follow a vegan lifestyle will often opt for alternative materials like these to avoid animal skin — real leather.
Different Types Of Faux Leather Material
There are different kinds of faux leather materials, but two primary types.
The first of the two types is polyurethane, often called “PU Leather.” The second is vinyl, which is polyvinyl chloride or PVC.
1. PVC Leather
Polyvinyl chloride material is less commonly used than it was during the 1960s and 70s. That said, some vegan leather materials still use it. Items made with PVC-based materials are hard to clean and are not breathable.
Moreover, PVC releases dioxins, which are polluting compounds. Manufacturing also adds plasticizers such as toxic phthalates to make it supple. Greenpeace calls it the “single most environmentally damaging type of plastic.”
2. PU Leather
PU-based synthetic materials are preferable to the PVC types. This is because they are less dangerous and have a little more breathability than PVC-based materials. Manufacturers are updating their production to cut down on hazardous toxins. That said, PU faux leather is still based on fossil fuels.
Technology is Yielding More Alternatives
New technologies are producing new kinds of alternative materials that resemble real leather. These are as versatile as the more toxic fossil-fuel-based materials
While they are still not real leather, they do mimic some of the qualities. Moreover, as a whole, they are more environmentally friendly than fossil-fuel-based materials like PU and PVC.
New alternatives to real leather include those made from mushroom fibers, fruit waste, plastic waste, pineapple fibers and other organic materials.
Because faux leather is a manufactured material, upholstery can be made in many chic colors, styles, textures, and patterns, just like genuine leather. This is useful when working with a specific and/or tight color palette or design scheme, for example, a specific leather sofa or loveseat style.
In fact, the style options available are wide because fake leathers are cheaper to make.
Typically, fake leather upholstery is very easy to clean by simply wiping it with a damp cloth. There are no pores to soak up stains, which keeps things cleaner as a whole.
Faux leather upholstery also fades less than real leather does.
Reasons to Avoid Faux Leather
Genuine leather upholstery ages beautifully to a marvousl patina. Imperfections that come with age and wear only enhance the soft, luxe, expensive luster and feel of real leather.
Faux leather does not have the ability to age like real leather. In fact, a faux leather sofa will never look better than it does in its brand-new state.
Also, fake leather sofa materials are not as durable and will peel and split, as will bonded leather.
In addition to having less durability, faux leather is not breathable. Of course, certain types breathe even less than others. If this is a concern, avoid PVC based-materials at all costs. This is because they are the least forgiving in the breathability department.
Not Environmentally Friendly
Real leather is more environmentally friendly than artificial leather because it is a natural byproduct of cows used for beef.
In other words, faux leather is an entirely new material that is manufactured. This is the opposite of genuine leather, which is the upcycled hide of the cow. If it were not turned into leather, it go to waste, heading for a landfill or incinerator.
Importantly, these most popular types of faux leather are made using fossil fuels. The petroleum-based products are not environmentally friendly and like most plastics are not biodegradable.
High(er) Puncture Factor
Synthetic leather upholstery materials lack the natural elasticity or structural forgiveness that real leather has. This means that faux leather can be punctured or torn more easily than real animal hide.
Fake leather also has a tendency to tear at the seams, which real leather does not.
Real leather possesses hypoallergenic traits, which is beneficial. Artificial leather lacks any such qualities, making it a material more prone to be allergen-inducing. It can also release a synthetic or petroleum smell or even toxic compounds.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)FAQ
Is faux leather good for upholstery?
On a basic level, it is possible to use faux leather to upholster all sorts of furniture. You can use it for chairs, sofas, headboards and other furniture and accessories.
Is faux leather as good as real leather?
No matter what particular name it uses, a faux leather sofa is not as durable as a genuine leather sectional. Plastic-based leather alternatives have lower prices but they are not breathable. In addition, they can puncture easily and the furniture upholstery will crack over time. These materials are, however, stain-resistant and low maintenance.
Is faux leather good for a sofa?
A sofa is one of your bigger furniture investments. Unfortunately, if you purchase faux leather, it will not wear as well or long as quality genuine leather.
While it doesn’t fade or stain, it will tend to tear at the seams and edges. This cannot be repaired and the sofa will have to be reupholstered or discarded. Moreover, fake leather materials are not natural and feel rather like plastic.
What type of faux leather is the best?
Of the two main types of faux leather, polyurethane (PU) leather does a better job of mimicking a number of qualities of genuine leather. It is hard to say anything about the newer types being developed. There is no track record on how durable they are for furniture. Moreover, they are currently being used primarily in garments and handbags.
How long does faux leather furniture last?
Furniture made with PU faux leather typically lasts from three to five years. While it depends on the level of usage, the durability is nowhere near that of genuine types of leather upholstery. A real quality leather sectional, for example, can last up to 25 years or more when maintained properly.
Does faux leather always peel?
Faux leather usually consists of a plastic layer attached to a fabric or polyester backing. Over time, the top layer will degrade and start peeling. This is also the case with bonded leather.
While it does contain leather, it is not an animal skin. Actually, it is leather scraps that are ground up and attached to a backing. The material is topped with a polyurethane sealant and the leather-like pattern is stamped on. This is not really faux leather, but it’s also not the quality of genuine leather and the furniture will readily split and peel.
Is faux leather toxic?
Some types of faux leather are very bad. PVC leather is environmentally damaging for a number of reasons. The dioxins it contains are toxic to humans and environmentally damaging if burned. Flexible PVC contained phthalates, which are carcinogenic and believed to disrupt the endocrine system
Polyurethane (PU) leather is not as bad, but the manufacturing process uses toxic chemicals such as dimethylformamide. This compound has been linked to birth defects.
Choosing between faux leather materials and genuine leather basically comes down to price and personal preference. For all the reasons we laid out, there are pros and cons to using artificial leather. Do your research, try out different models and make the right choice for yourself.