Topiary as an art refers to the ornamental shapes that are created by trimming and training shrubs and trees. It’s a form of art for the garden. Using this technique you can basically create any shape you want. Of course, a professional would do it better. The most common topiary designs include those of animals. Of course, there are many more other designs and shapes that can be reproduced. They range from simple forms such as globes or pyramids to more complicated designs such as birds or human body shapes.
As you may have imagined, this art is not new. It has been around for nearly 2000 years and it has been developed and adjusted in tine. There are recorded examples that date back to the Roman times and that describe topiaries shaped like obelisks and animals. After that, this art almost disappeared for a long period of time. It was revisited during the renaissance period. Then, in the 19th century, a garden was created in Wellesley, Massachusetts and it had trees shaped like cones, globes and pyramids.
Today, we can see topiaries all over the world. You too could have one in your garden. Just keep in mind that not all trees are suited for this art. Those that have small leaves and a compact growth are the easiest to work with. If you want a more complicated form then you won’t be able to just approximate the shapes by eye. In such cases a wire frame is used.