Sometimes when planning a renovation or remodel we get lost in the little details and focus on the small things while forgetting about the basic choices that have to be made. For example, what type of paint should you use on your walls? You only get to ask yourself that question when you’re do with the numerous options sitting right in front of you on the store shelves.
Water based vs oil based.
This distinction falls into the category of of general characteristics and the two types can further be divided into smaller varieties. I order to understand the differences between the two, you should first know what characterizes each type.
Water-based paints dry quicker and have an elastic and flexible finish which allows them to be more resistant to cracking. The colors are stable over time without yellowing. They can also be cleaned easily using only water.
Oil-based paints have a glossy and smooth finish and they’re also more durable than water-based paints. Although they dry slower, there are additives that can help shorten that time. You’d need to use harsh chemicals to clean oil-based paint, such as paint thinner.
Although the primer itself is not usually considered paint, it’s commonly used in many painting projects. It can be water or oil based and you should match it to the type of paint you’ll be using.
Paint can have different types of finishes. Depending on the type of surface you’re painting and the style you want, you can choose between:
This is the least reflective type available and has a velvety texture. It’s useful for hiding imperfections in walls and also wonderful for ceilings. Colors look richer on flat paint. However, it can sometimes be difficult to clean.
There are actually two types of finishes that are similar: eggshell and satin. They are both somewhat reflective and more durable than matte paint and are often used in kitchens and bathrooms because they can be easily cleaned.
Semi-gloss and gloss paints are the most reflective. They are also highly durable, can be cleaned very easily and are wonderful at creating focal points. They are used on moldings and doors. However, they highlight imperfections and are not suitable for walls in most cases.
Some paints are created for a specific task. For example:
Kitchen and bathroom paint.
Specifically designed to be used in these areas, these paints can better resist fungal growth and moisture, whereas standard paint is likely to give up after a short period of time.
Floor paints are very hardwearing and commonly used on concrete and floorboards. They come in gloss finishes.
Metal paints are high-gloss and can either be smooth or textured. Some types can be applied directly over rust. They’re more resilient than standard paint.